The Printing Press: Transforming Power of Technology

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To include a comma in your tag, surround the tag with double quotes. Please enable cookies in your browser to get the full Trove experience. Skip to content Skip to search. Crompton, Samuel Willard. Published Philadelphia : Chelsea House Publishers, c Language English. Author Crompton, Samuel Willard.

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Series Transforming power of technology Subjects Drukpersen. Printing -- Origin and antecedents. Printing presses. Printing -- History -- Juvenile literature. Printing -- History -- Origin and antecedents -- Juvenile literature. Printing presses -- History -- Juvenile literature. Printing -- History. Printing presses -- History.

History of printing press

Target Audience Juvenile Summary Traces the history of the printing press discussing how its development has influenced technology and transformed every aspect of daily life. Letting the material fit the use is the best way to pick the one you'll be using.

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After all, you wouldn't want a brittle plastic used for a race car's engine cam, nor would you spend a fortune to make a titanium gear for a food mixer. By far, plastics — nylon, polyactic acid PLA and acrylonitrile butadiene styrene ABS — are the most popular materials for 3D printing and are generally inexpensive. Many 3D printer makers have enhanced these basic materials to be stronger.

Many of the newer printers can work with ceramics and metals, including steel, bronze and gold. Some can even use formerly exotic materials, like carbon fiber and Kevlar. After you've chosen the technology and the material, you'll need to select a size. Be careful, because as the 3D printing machinery grows, it can get exponentially more expensive.

How about items that are up to five feet long? At the truly high-end of the industry are multi-million-dollar machines that use concrete as a starting material and can build structural walls for a variety of buildings. These are mostly experimental, but one in Russia can build an entire house in a day although it probably takes at least that much time to set it up. You'll also want to keep printer assembly in mind. Some can have an Ikea-like, build-it-yourself quality, so you'll want to be sure you have the manpower and know-how to set up a bigger machine.

While 3D printers vary, each device is capable of a specified resolution. This roughly corresponds with the smallest feature that can reliably be made by the material and machine. A simple extrusion printer might have a resolution of about to microns, which is fine for most uses: A micron is one-millionth of a meter, 0.

Need more exacting designs? The resolution can rise to 75 or 50 microns, or roughly the thickness of a human hair.

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Some stereo-lithography-based printers can build details as small as 16 microns — slightly larger than a grain of pollen. Today, these are specialty machines that might be used for precise impeller blades or micro-optics, but they may soon be used to make prosthetic devices and microscopic machinery. Once it's ready, you'll need to use the printer's software to digitally slice it into the layers that the machine will build. Generally, the final pre-build step is a preview with all the parameters listed.

If all looks good, the program adds supports, renders large solid regions as honeycomb structures that are lighter and use less material. With the machine's build file ready, all you do is press the Start button. Although you can use the included software to prep the file, there are alternatives. In addition to cloud-based apps that work via a web browser, there are several generic 3D printer preparation apps programs, such as Materialise , Slicr and Octoprint.

A single program can work with several 3D printers. When it comes to 3D printing, speed is important but not crucial. A faster printer will obviously let you move on to another item if it's done quickly. On the other hand, a slow but large printer lets you create several items on a single stage at once.

This translates into it taking an hour with the former, or a few minutes with the latter. The typical three-inch wide gear might be producible in about 10 minutes, while a complex model of a patient's heart prior to surgery might require a full day or more.

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Because 3D printers are expensive and potentially finnicky machines, there is an art to getting them to do your bidding. The bigger manufacturers have a slew of online resources that go beyond simple manuals and set up instructions. The best companies have training videos and white papers on how to best utilize the machinery and troubleshooting help.

Most limit it to business hours in the U. They typically include a one-year warranty and support, although some limit this to a scant six months.

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This starts with assistance setting it up and using the printer but extends to documentation and firmware updates. It's a good idea to extend coverage with a service contract that covers repairs and support. It just might keep a major failure from shutting your company down.

If all this sounds good for your company, but it can't afford the capital outlay required, there are alternatives that can reduce the upfront money required. Each involves a compromise, however. There are companies that refurbish older 3D printers. Like getting a used car, it might cut the purchase price in half, but you need to be careful.

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It's always a good idea to try it out and have an expert look the system over and make a few models before buying a used printer. Many companies, as well as third-party finance companies, will lease you a 3D printing system you might not otherwise have been able to afford.

There's a big "gotcha," though: The initial cash outlay is much lower, but you'll actually be paying for the entire printer over three to four years — and you don't get to keep it. This approach is more for the company that needs a printer for a limited time or wants to experiment with 3D printer on the cheap. On the upside, you can avoid technological obsolesce by going this route. If you want to lease a 3D printing system, look for a full package that includes more than just the machine.

You'll need startup materials, support materials and cleaning agents. You may be able to get the benefits of 3D printing without the expense and hassles of owning or leasing one at all. There are hundreds of 3D services that will create your part or product from scratch and ship it to you.

The Information Age and the Printing Press

After designing the part and specifying what type of material or printer should be used, the file is uploaded to the service bureau's servers. They take it and create the needed production file for their specific hardware and create your item. They then overnight it to you. Like a traditional print shop, service bureaus, such as Sculpteo , Shapeways , Materialise and Protolabs , typically have the newest machines and can be more efficient than in-house 3D printing. On the other hand, they need to make a profit, and the extra day or two required goes against the grain of a rapid prototyping and production scheme.

Deciding whether to do it yourself or farm it out involves a complex calculus.

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The variables, many of which are only a guess, include the cost of the machinery and raw materials, labor costs, complexity of the items and how quickly you need them. Any way you use these exciting new technologies, one thing is certain: 3D printing is shifting and improving the landscape of manufacturing in the 21st century. The only question that remains is which 3D printer is best for your company's needs. The professional print companies I have used, when working for a design team for a corporation, have always been local. It's very important to be able to visit the facility, deal with the employees face to face, and of course their equipment.

Being able to physically show your printer what you want as a finished product is key. I spent a lot of time creating comps on our Xerox machines and then driving to the shop to show the printers what I want. As a designer, it's really important to be able Hi Alice, Printing labels is trivial in many programming languages, including Java and C which would run on a Mac.

There are however a number of variables to be taken into consideration, pertaining to the layout, data source and interface to the printer's driver. I like to highlight this: 1. Clarify startup business ideas - to sell 3D printers or to use 3D printers to provide services or to rent 3D printers or to run other business but using 3D printers to enhance the results.

Digital innovation

I suppose you wanted to use 3D printers to provide services - this is the most capital intensive model. Different targeted customers required different types of 3D printers and material investment will be onerous if the mixture of customers are not correct. Right now, there is a lot of waste involved with 3D printing, but that will change as the machinery becomes more exacting and the software gets smarter.

There will be less to throw away, and more 3D printing systems will allow for the recycling of waste. Overall, 3D printing will get more efficient and cheaper to use. For large users of 3D printing, the level of integration and automation will increase. Finally, 3D printing in will become a catalyst for change in many other industrial businesses.

The Printing Press: Transforming Power of Technology The Printing Press: Transforming Power of Technology
The Printing Press: Transforming Power of Technology The Printing Press: Transforming Power of Technology
The Printing Press: Transforming Power of Technology The Printing Press: Transforming Power of Technology
The Printing Press: Transforming Power of Technology The Printing Press: Transforming Power of Technology
The Printing Press: Transforming Power of Technology The Printing Press: Transforming Power of Technology

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